Tuesday, April 5, 2016

5 Internet Terms You should Know

Internet penetration has been rapidly increasing across the country and online services are more popular than ever before.  

To keep pace with the increasing demand, there has also been a large increase in the number of Internet Service Providers (ISPs). Choosing the right ISP and plan are important to enjoy an efficient and seamless online experience. To be able to make better choices with regard to your internet connection and online services, it helps to be acquainted with certain common terms.
Some of the common terms used by ISPs are:
1.    Broadband:
Broadband gives access to a number of data channels through a single telecommunications medium, utilizing all the multiplexing techniques. In other words, broadband includes high-speed internet deployed over optical fiber, cable, or wireless medium. In India, connections with a minimum download speed of 512 kilobits per second (kbps) are known as broadband.

2.      Data Usage Limit:
Most internet plans have data usage limits. Internet plans with high-speeds are also commonly subject to such data restrictions. Users enjoy high speed services, as defined by their plan, but once their usage crosses a data cap, speeds are reduced. This data limit is not measured in downloads alone, but is the measure of the maximum throughput allowed. This includes uploads as well. The attachments you send or the photos you upload also count in the data usage limit.  

3.    Bytes and Bits:
Bytes and bits are used to specify speeds. A byte is denoted with an uppercase ‘B’, while a bit is denoted by the lowercase ‘b’. 8 bits make up for a single byte.

4.      Fair Usage Policy:
Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has made it mandatory for all the operators to inform the users once they have reached 80% and 100% of the usage limits under FUP. ISPs like Tikona Broadband have set up a web interface, where users may login and check how much data they have consumed and other details.

5.      Contention Ratio:
Contention ratio is the maximum number of users using a connection. As per international standards, the ratio for personal purpose users is 50:1, while for commercial purpose users, it is 20:1. Allowing a larger number of users reduces the speed of the connection.


With a sound understanding of these terms and concepts, you will be able to choose the right internet plan to enjoy maximum benefits.